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央行首度公布以SDR计值外储数据

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年06月27日 19:03:28
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(显)(示)(,2016年)(3月)(USD/SDR=0.709814。
  央)(行)(表)(示)(,以)(SDR作)(为)(外)(汇)(储)(备)(的)(报)(告)(货)(币)(,有)(助)(于)(降)(低)(主)(要)(国)(家)(汇)(率)(经)(常)(大)(幅)(波)(动)(引)(发)(的)(估)(值)(变)(动)(,更)(为)(客)(观)(反)(映)(外)(汇)(储)(备)(的)(综)(合)(价)(值)(,也)(有)(助)(于)(增)(强)(SDR作)(为)(记)(账)(单)(位)(的)(作)(用)(。
  央)(行)(的)(数)(据)(显)(示)(,2月)(外)(汇)(储)(备)(如)(以)(美)(元)(计)(值)(相)(比)(上)(月)(减)(少)(285亿)(美)(元)(,如)(果)(以)(SDR计)(值)(为)(-222亿)(SDR,二)(者)(同)(步)(减)(少)(,变)(化)(方)(向)(一)(致)(。3月)(外)(汇)(储)(备)(,如)(果)(以)(美)(元)(计)(值)(相)(比)(上)(月)(增)(加)(103亿)(美)(元)(,如)(果)(以)(SDR计)(值)(为)(-378亿)(SDR,二)(者)(一)(增)(一)(减)(,变)(化)(方)(向)(相)(反)(。
  招)(商)(证)(券)(研)(究)(发)(展)(中)(心)(宏)(观)(研)(究)(主)(管)(谢)(亚)(轩)(表)(示)(,SDR计)(值)(可)(以)(更)(客)(观)(地)(看)(待)(央)(行)(外)(汇)(储)(备)(的)(变)(化)(。外)(汇)(储)(备)(币)(种)(结)(构)(多)(元)(化)(,央)(行)(官)(方)(外)(汇)(储)(备)(包)(含)(汇)(率)(变)(化)(的)(因)(素)(,以)(不)(同)(计)(值)(单)(位)(计)(价)(,结)(果)(并)(不)(相)(同)(。
  “如)(果)(仅)(以)(美)(元)(计)(值)(的)(结)(果)(来)(看)(,可)(能)(会)(得)(出)(中)(国)(跨)(境)(资)(本)(净)(流)(入)(的)(结)(论)(,实)(际)(上)(我)(们)(预)(计)(3月)(央)(行)(外)(汇)(占)(款)(为)(-1000亿)(元)(左)(右)(,不)(过)(跨)(境)(资)(本)(外)(流)(形)(势)(持)(续)(改)(善)(并)(未)(结)(束)(。”谢)(亚)(轩)(表)(示)(。
  谢)(亚)(轩)(还)(表)(示)(,这)(符)(合)(央)(行)(要)(进)(一)(步)(向)(外)(国)(投)(资)(者)(开)(放)(国)(内)(银)(行)(间)(债)(券)(市)(场)(的)(大)(方)(向)(。
  3月)(31日)(,央)(行)(行)(长)(周)(小)(川)(在)(G20国)(际)(金)(融)(架)(构)(高)(级)(别)(研)(讨)(会)(上)(表)(示)(,SDR有)(助)(于)(增)(强)(国)(际)(货)(币)(体)(系)(的)(稳)(定)(性)(和)(韧)(性)(。增)(强)(SDR的)(作)(用)(是)(一)(项)(长)(期)(工)(作)(,但)(同)(时)(我)(们)(可)(以)(开)(始)(采)(取)(切)(实)(措)(施)(,积)(极)(扩)(大)(SDR的)(使)(用)(,包)(括)(使)(用)(SDR作)(为)(报)(告)(货)(币)(和)(发)(展)(SDR计)(值)(的)(资)(产)(市)(场)(。
  周)(小)(川)(当)(时)(还)(透)(露)(,中)(国)(将)(于)(近)(期)(使)(用)(美)(元)(和)(SDR作)(为)(外)(汇)(储)(备)(数)(据)(的)(报)(告)(货)(币)(,并)(积)(极)(研)(究)(在)(中)(国)(发)(行)(SDR计)(值)(的)(债)(券)(。7日)(公)(布)(的)(外)(储)(数)(据)(应)(验)(了)(周)(小)(川)(的)(此)(前)(表)(态)(。
  中)(国)(银)(行)(国)(际)(金)(融)(研)(究)(所)(研)(究)(员)(高)(玉)(伟)(对)(21世)(纪)(经)(济)(报)(道)(记)(者)(表)(示)(:“中)(国)(在)(研)(究)(发)(行)(SDR计)(值)(的)(债)(券)(,这)(说)(明)(中)(国)(在)(积)(极)(推)(动)(人)(民)(币)(国)(际)(化)(的)(同)(时)(,也)(在)(寻)(求)(完)(善)(国)(际)(货)(币)(体)(系)(上)(做)(文)(章)(。”
  谢)(亚)(轩)(认)(为)(,受)(逆)(周)(期)(宏)(观)(审)(慎)(政)(策)(严)(控)(跨)(境)(资)(本)(外)(流)(的)(影)(响)(,人)(民)(币)(国)(际)(化)(的)(进)(程)(有)(所)(放)(缓)(,但)(是)(人)(民)(币)(国)(际)(化)(仍)(然)(是)(央)(行)(的)(长)(期)(目)(标)(。人)(民)(币)(加)(入)(SDR更)(为)(现)(实)(的)(意)(义)(,则)(是)(希)(望)(各)(国)(增)(持)(人)(民)(币)(作)(为)(储)(备)(资)(产)(、从)(而)(增)(加)(对)(中)(国)(金)(融)(资)(产)(的)(配)(置)(,特)(别)(是)(引)(入)(资)(金)(至)(国)(内)(银)(行)(间)(债)(券)(市)(场)(。
  招)(商)(银)(行)(高)(级)(分)(析)(师)(刘)(东)(亮)(对)(21世)(纪)(经)(济)(报)(道)(记)(者)(表)(示)(:“中)(国)(使)(用)(美)(元)(和)(SDR作)(为)(外)(汇)(储)(备)(数)(据)(的)(报)(告)(货)(币)(,这)(是)(中)(国)(推)(动)(去)(美)(元)(中)(心)(化)(,同)(时)(加)(强)(SDR影)(响)(力)(和)(地)(位)(的)(举)(措)(,理)(论)(上)(间)(接)(可)(以)(推)(动)(人)(民)(币)(国)(际)(化)(。”
  但)(他)(同)(时)(表)(示)(,目)(前)(由)(于)(美)(元)(仍)(然)(是)(国)(际)(货)(币)(体)(系)(的)(核)(心)(,且)(这)(一)(核)(心)(地)(位)(由)(自)(由)(市)(场)(原)(则)(所)(确)(立)(并)(为)(全)(球)(接)(受)(,因)(此)(人)(为)(去)(美)(元)(中)(心)(化)(的)(效)(果)(可)(能)(平)(平)(,而)(用)(SDR报)(告)(外)(汇)(储)(备)(不)(失)(为)(一)(项)(大)(胆)(的)(尝)(试)(。
  值)(得)(注)(意)(的)(是)(,得)(益)(于)(人)(民)(币)(汇)(率)(企)(稳)(,3月)(以)(美)(元)(计)(价)(的)(外)(汇)(储)(备)(止)(跌)(回)(升)(。央)(行)(公)(布)(的)(数)(据)(显)(示)(,3月)(末)(官)(方)(外)(汇)(储)(备)(余)(额)((美)(元)(计)(价)()为)(3.21万)(亿)(美)(元)(。在)(连)(续)(4个)(月)(负)(增)(长)(后)(,3月)(外)(储)(环)(比)(增)(加)(102.8亿)(美)(元)(。
  在)(此)(前)(一)(年)(,中)(国)(外)(汇)(储)(备)(创)(史)(上)(最)(大)(降)(幅)(。央)(行)(的)(数)(据)(显)(示)(,在)(人)(民)(币)(小)(幅)(贬)(值)(的)(情)(况)(下)(,2015年)(全)(年)(央)(行)(外)(汇)(储)(备)(下)(降)(5216亿)(美)(元)(。
  高)(玉)(伟)(分)(析)(称)(:“去)(年)(外)(汇)(储)(备)(大)(幅)(下)(降)(,既)(有)(运)(用)(增)(加)(、外)(流)(、藏)(汇)(于)(民)(等)(原)(因)(,也)(有)(欧)(元)(、日)(元)(等)(对)(美)(元)(汇)(率)(显)(著)(贬)(值)(的)(原)(因)(。”
  高)(玉)(伟)(认)(为)(,在)(人)(民)(币)(加)(入)(SDR大)(背)(景)(下)(,我)(国)(将)(SDR作)(为)(外)(储)(报)(告)(货)(币)(,一)(方)(面)(可)(以)(更)(客)(观)(地)(反)(映)(外)(储)(综)(合)(价)(值)(,另)(一)(方)(面)(也)(体)(现)(了)(我)(国)(对)(SDR作)(为)(记)(账)(单)(位)(的)(重)(视)(和)(支)(持)(。
  “今)(年)(2月)(以)(后)(,美)(联)(储)(加)(息)(的)(预)(期)(并)(没)(有)(更)(强)(烈)(,人)(民)(币)(汇)(率)(有)(所)(企)(稳)(。”民)(生)(银)(行)(首)(席)(研)(究)(员)(温)(彬)(对)(21世)(纪)(经)(济)(报)(道)(记)(者)(表)(示)(,“随)(着)(市)(场)(预)(期)(稳)(定)(,外)(汇)(储)(备)(大)(幅)(、快)(速)(下)(降)(的)(可)(能)(性)(较)(小)(。”
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